George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, four of our nation’s presidents, were chosen to represent the first 150 years of American history, including the sacrifices that have been made in the name of freedom. Their likenesses are carved on Mount Rushmore National Memorial in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
Freedom isn’t “Free”
(Our history is filled with sacrifice — starting with our Founding Fathers)”
America was founded on three documents, known collectively as the “Charters of Freedom.” On July 4, 1776, the American Colonists signed the Declaration of Independence, which asserted their freedom from British rule. In 1788 the U.S. Constitution was ratified and became the supreme law of the land. Finally, in 1791 the Bill of Rights was passed. Made up of ten amendments, the Bill of Rights was created to secure our natural rights and prevent too much government control and interference.
What protects our freedoms?
(Constitution, Declaration of Indepedence, Bill of Rights)
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” These words from the preamble of the Declaration of Independence are the bedrock on which America was built."
What is the Relationship between Peace & Freedom?
Freedom of Speech is guaranteed by the First Amendment, which says we can express ideas and beliefs — with words and actions — without restriction unless justified by law. Since the Bill of Rights, the Courts have struggled to define ‘speech and expression’, and the extent to which freedom of speech should be protected.
Freedom of Speech?
Freedom of religion/belief is a principle that honors the freedom of an individual or community — publicly and privately — to observe, believe, teach, practice, worship, change, or not follow, any religion. Freedom of religion is considered by many people and nations to be a fundamental human right.
Freedom of Religion?
After WWII, national security becomes a greater focus with the passage of the National Security Act. The National Security Council is created to advise the President of all matters — domestic and foreign — that can protect or threaten the people, property, safety and security of the U.S. and its allies.
What is National Security?
Homeland security is a nationally organized effort to prevent terrorist attacks, reduce U.S. vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize damage from aggression that occurs. The Department of Homeland Security was created after a terrorist attack on the U.S. on Sept. 11, 2001, working with our Armed Forces and Law Enforcement.
What is Homeland Security?
Economic security is measured by the income level and employment security of U.S. families and organizations. Based on economic factors of employment, earnings, savings, pensions, health insurance coverage and social security benefits, a stable U.S. economy affects most aspects of national well-being.
What is Economic Security?
Today, our daily lives are increasingly dependent on a stable, safe, and resilient cyberspace. Because we use integrated networks for communication, travel, power, commerce, education, government and other services, we want to protect against cyber attacks that expose sensitive information, disrupt critical operations, and are costly to people, business and government.
What is Cyber Security?
The right to personal security is guaranteed by two UN treaties, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), declaring the universal right to security of person, protection against arbitrary arrest or detention, and “no one shall be deprived of his liberty except on such grounds and in accordance with such procedure as are established by law.”
What is Personal Security?
If the United States does not have sufficient numbers of well-trained service men and women, and adequate police personnel, it creates vulnerability to security threats and allows enemies to take advantage. Declining readiness threatens success on the battlefield and also the intelligence programs that support military effectiveness.
Declining Military Readiness
Moral values are the principles and standards which determine whether an action is right or wrong. They are adopted by a group of people based on a particular philosophy, religion, or culture — in our case, the Bill of Rights and the rule of law. According to a 2012 Gallup poll, 72% of the respondents said moral values in the country as a whole are getting worse.
Declining Moral Values
The introduction to the 2014 Operating Concept for the U.S. Army says it well: “The environment the Army will operate in is unknown. The enemy is unknown, the location is unknown, and the coalitions involved are unknown.” This statement denotes how important it is that the United States be prepared for the enemy it doesn’t know – which could include terrorist action, environmental disasters, or health crises like Ebola
The Unknown Threat
Of all warfare, these attacks are the most dangerous because they can cause the largest number of casualties, including massive loss of life. These attacks are capable of harming or destroying whole communities, vast geographic areas, or even a sizable portion of humanity.
Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Attacks
There are nations and terrorist organizations that are violently opposed to Western ideas and influences — anything that might suggest dominance of the United States and its allies. They are motivated to diminish the physical and cultural presence of Westerners, using aggressive attacks to disrupt infrastructure, communications, commerce, and life.
The President, as a civilian Head of State, commands the military, decides when to engage them, and works closely with Congress (which represents all citizens) to make, amend, and uphold laws that protect individual and national freedom. The President also has treaty-making powers with other nations.
The Executive Branch
The legislative branch is made up of Congress, which has two parts: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Every member is elected to serve and protect the national interests of all. Only Congress can pass laws, appropriate money, or raise taxes. It oversees and is accountable for the laws and policies it makes.
The Legislative Branch
The judicial branch is a three tiered court system. The Supreme Court is the highest court and was established by the Constitution. The other courts (U.S. Courts of Appeals and U.S. District Courts) were created by Congress. Together they decide on the meaning of laws and how they are applied. An independent judiciary is crucial to our freedoms.
The Judicial Branch
Departments and agencies advise the President on issues, help carry
out policies, and provide special services. The Department of Homeland
Security, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Federal Bureau of
Investigation are three examples of national security-related organizations.
Each has a distinct role in protecting our national security.
Departments & Agencies
Most Americans have more daily contact with their state and local
governments than with the federal government. The public relies on state
and local services such as law enforcement, fire protection, emergency
medical services, housing services, district and municipal courts, public
transportation, and public works such as water, sanitation, and sewage
State & Local Goverment